Parametric distributions for soil ingestion by children

Risk Anal. 1991 Jun;11(2):339-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.1991.tb00610.x.


This note presents parameterized distributions of estimates of the amount of soil ingested by children based on data collected by Binder et al. (1986). Following discussions with Dr. Binder, we modified the Binder study data by using the actual stool weights instead of the 15 g value used in the original study. After testing the data for lognormality, we generated parameterized distributions for use in risk assessment uncertainty analyses such as Monte Carlo simulations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Data Interpretation, Statistical*
  • Feces / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Monte Carlo Method
  • Pica / diagnosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Soil / analysis*
  • Trace Elements / analysis*


  • Soil
  • Trace Elements