In airgun injuries, the removal of the projectile is often recommended. The material properties of airgun projectiles make it difficult to determine their precise anatomical location using conventional radiological techniques. Conventional X-rays give only a two-dimensional representation of projectiles and do not allow a foreign object to be located precisely. Multi-slice computed tomography (CT) has become a standard tool in diagnosis. Metal objects can cause artefacts in CT scans and make it difficult to identify adjacent anatomical structures. By contrast, cone-beam CT (CBCT) provides three-dimensional images largely free from metal artefacts. The authors present three cases of airgun injuries and discuss the diagnostic and treatment approaches used. CBCT has proved to be a useful diagnostic tool in planning the treatment of craniofacial airgun injuries. It is superior to CT in detecting hard-tissue structural damage in the immediate vicinity of high-density metal projectiles.