Jumper's knee, or patellar tendinopathy, affects nearly one half of elite volleyball athletes and causes significant morbidity. The diagnosis and treatment of jumper's knee is evolving with heavier reliance on the use of diagnostic ultrasound with and without color or power Doppler. Research suggests that conservative treatment is very effective using an eccentric exercise regimen and decline squats. Interventional treatments are expanding as well, with positive results seen using extracorporeal shock wave therapy and polidocanol sclerosing injections. Arthroscopic surgical approaches are being developed, some using intra-operative ultrasound guidance. The findings of several recent basic science studies imply that the future may lie in developing a greater understanding of, and then possibly modulating the balance of, the local neuronal, vascular, or biochemical factors associated with symptomatic patellar tendinopathy.