Purpose: To assess the potential effect of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) (Avastin) on retinal function and anatomic recovery in eyes with choroidal neovascularization attributable to pathological myopia (mCNV).
Design: Retrospective case series.
Methods: setting: Institutional. patient population: Sixty-three eyes of 63 patients were treated with IVB for mCNV. intervention procedure: 1 mg of bevacizumab was injected into the vitreous via the pars plana. IVB was repeated after two to three months if there was fluorescein leakage in fluorescein angiogram (FA), apparent subretinal fluid in optical coherence tomography (OCT) persisted, or both. main outcome measurement: Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and CNV size measured on FA.
Results: IVB was performed one to six times during the first 12 months (mean, 2.4 +/- 1.4 times). The size of the mCNV decreased and the BCVA improved significantly (P < .01 for both comparisons). The BCVA improved more than three lines in 25 eyes (40%), worsened more than three lines in three eyes (5%), and was unchanged in 35 (56%) eyes 12 months after. Fluorescein leakage from the mCNV ceased in 30 eyes (48%), diminished in 28 (44%), and was unchanged in five (8%) eyes. Stepwise analysis showed that the number of IVB (P < .01), macular atrophy associated with mCNV (P < .05), and myopic atrophy (P < .05) were significant predictive factors for BCVA at 12 months.
Conclusions: Although the current study lacked a control group, IVB seems to be an effective treatment for mCNV after a long-term. The absence of chorioretinal atrophy and that of recurrence and persistency of mCNV are positive predictive factors.