Background: Literature on long-term outcome after endoscopic management of pediatric pancreatic pseudocyst is not available. The aim of the present study is to report long-term outcome after endoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocyst in children.
Methods: Nine patients younger than 15 years, subjected to endoscopic pseudocyst drainage, were included in this study (between 1994 and 2004). Eight patients were subjected to endoscopic cystogastrostomy and stenting, whereas 1 patient was subjected to cystoduodenostomy and stenting. A follow-up of patients was done at 1 month and at 2 to 10 years after drainage. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was done in 2 patients at the time of drainage, and it was repeated in both the patients at the time of final follow-up.
Results: Mean age of the patients was 9.6 years. Trauma was the most common cause (n = 8). Mean follow-up of these patients was 5.7 years (2-10 years). No recurrence was seen in any patient. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed complete pancreatic duct block in prevertebral region in 2 posttraumatic patients, and it was persisting on repeat ERCP at final follow-up.
Conclusions: Endoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocyst is safe in children with a very good long-term outcome. Pancreatic duct block seen on ERCP may not be clinically important on long-term follow-up.