Purpose: For systemic gene delivery to pancreatic tumor tissues, we prepared a three-layered polyplex micelle equipped with biocompatibility, efficient endosomal escape, and pDNA condensation functions from three components tandemly aligned; poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), a poly(aspartamide) derivative with a 1,2-diaminoethane moiety (PAsp(DET)), and poly(L-lysine).
Materials and methods: The size and in vitro transfection efficacy of the polyplex micelles were determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and luciferase assay, respectively. The systemic gene delivery with the polyplex micelles was evaluated from enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) expression in the tumor tissues.
Results: The polyplex micelles were approximately 80 nm in size and had one order of magnitude higher in vitro transfection efficacy than that of a diblock copolymer as a control. With the aid of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta type I receptor (TbetaR-1) inhibitor, which enhances accumulation of macromolecular drugs in tumor tissues, the polyplex micelle from the triblock copolymer showed significant EGFP expression in the pancreatic tumor (BxPC3) tissues, mainly in the stromal regions including the vascular endothelial cells and fibroblasts.
Conclusion: The three-layered polyplex micelles were confirmed to be an effective gene delivery system to subcutaneously implanted pancreatic tumor tissues through systemic administration.