Local anesthesia for surgery on the foot: efficacy in the ischemic or diabetic extremity

Ann Vasc Surg. 1991 Jul;5(4):354-8. doi: 10.1007/BF02015296.

Abstract

The efficacy, risks, and benefits of the use of local anesthesia for surgery on the foot were assessed in 75 patients who underwent 127 procedures with lower calf, ankle, metatarsal-ray, and digital blocks. There were 23 procedures on digits alone, 97 forefoot operations (transmetatarsal amputations, wound debridements, closures, osteotomies, joint resections), six ankle or hind-foot amputations, and one open ankle disarticulation. There were no complications directly related to the use of local anesthesia; specifically, no extension of preexisting infection or ischemia due to injection in the foot. There were three deaths (30-day mortality 4%). The procedures were uniformly well tolerated, even in patients with ongoing myocardial ischemia or severe metabolic disorders. Local anesthesia is a safe and effective method to perform local debridement or amputation of the foot in an ischemic or diabetic extremity.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amputation
  • Anesthesia, Local*
  • Diabetes Complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / surgery
  • Foot / blood supply*
  • Foot / surgery
  • Foot Diseases / etiology*
  • Foot Diseases / surgery
  • Humans
  • Ischemia / complications*
  • Ischemia / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Retrospective Studies