Identification of a link between the SAMP repeats of adenomatous polyposis coli tumor suppressor and the Src homology 3 domain of DDEF

J Biol Chem. 2008 Nov 21;283(47):33006-20. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M800420200. Epub 2008 Sep 11.


The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor protein is a multifunctional protein with a well characterized role in the Wnt signal transduction pathway and in cytoskeletal regulation. The SAMP repeats region of APC, an Axin-binding site, is known to be important for tumor suppression and for the developmental function of APC. We performed a yeast two-hybrid screening using the first SAMP motif-containing region of Xenopus APC as bait and obtained several SAMP binding candidates including DDEF2 (development and differentiation enhancing factor 2), which is an ADP-ribosylation factor (Arf) GTPase-activating protein (GAP (ArfGAP)) involved in the regulation of focal adhesions. In vitro and in cells the Src homology 3 (SH3) domain of DDEF2 and its close homolog, DDEF1, are associated with the SAMP motif of APC competitively with Axin1. Moreover, NMR chemical shift perturbation experiments revealed that the SAMP motif interacts at the same surface of the SH3 domain of DDEF as the known SH3 binding motif, PXXP. When fluorescent protein-tagged APC and DDEF are expressed in Xenopus A6 cells, co-localization at microtubule ends is observed. Overexpression and RNA interference experiments indicate that APC and DDEFs cooperatively regulate the distributions of microtubules and focal adhesions. Our findings reveal that the SAMP motif of APC specifically binds to the SH3 domains of DDEFs, providing new insights into the functions of APC in cell migration.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / chemistry*
  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Protein / chemistry*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Xenopus laevis
  • src Homology Domains / genetics*


  • ASAP1 protein, human
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Protein
  • Recombinant Proteins