Integrating health interventions for women, newborn babies, and children: a framework for action

Lancet. 2008 Sep 13;372(9642):990-1000. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61408-7.

Abstract

For women and children, especially those who are poor and disadvantaged, to benefit from primary health care, they need to access and use cost-effective interventions for maternal, newborn, and child health. The challenge facing weak health systems is how to deliver such packages. Experiences from countries such as Iran, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and China, and from projects in countries like Tanzania and India, show that outcomes in maternal, newborn, and child health can be improved through integrated packages of cost-effective health-care interventions that are implemented incrementally in accordance with the capacity of health systems. Such packages should include community-based interventions that act in combination with social protection and intersectoral action in education, infrastructure, and poverty reduction. Interventions need to be planned and implemented at the district level, which requires strengthening of district planning and management skills. Furthermore, districts need to be supported by national strategies and policies, and, in the case of the least developed countries, also by international donors and other partners. If packages for maternal, newborn and child health care can be integrated within a gradually strengthened primary health-care system, continuity of care will be improved, including access to basic referral care before and during pregnancy, birth, the postpartum period, and throughout childhood.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Child Health Services / trends
  • Child, Preschool
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / organization & administration*
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / statistics & numerical data
  • Developing Countries*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Maternal Health Services / economics
  • Maternal Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Maternal Health Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Maternal Mortality / trends
  • Primary Health Care / classification
  • Primary Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Primary Health Care / trends
  • Rural Health Services / organization & administration
  • Rural Health Services / statistics & numerical data*