We generated mice expressing a COX-2 transgene in colon epithelium and found that they did not develop spontaneous colon tumors. But when treated with azoxymethane, a colon carcinogen, COX-2 mice had a higher tumor load compared to wild-type mice. There was no change in the number of pre-neoplastic lesions, indicating that COX-2 does not affect tumor initiation. Tumors in the COX-2 transgenic mice had higher levels of phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptor and Akt compared to wild-type mice. Collectively, our data indicate that COX-2 promotes colon tumor progression, but not initiation, and it does so, in part, by activating EGFR and Akt signaling pathways.