Diethylene glycol (DEG) is a widely used substance with various risks of intoxication. In adult rats influences of DEG on functional parameters are characterized, indicating early signs of nephrotoxicity. A dose dependent proteinuria, an oliguric effect, an increased excretion of free hydrogen ions and a compensated impairment of renal tubular transport processes can be stated (0.25, 0.5 and 0.75 ml DEG/100 g b.m. i.p.). Following a single dose of 0.5 ml DEG/100 g b.m. i.p. the maximally expressed nephrotoxic effect is measurable 4 to 8 days after administration.