S100-annexin complexes--biology of conditional association

FEBS J. 2008 Oct;275(20):4945-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2008.06653.x. Epub 2008 Sep 13.


S100 proteins and annexins both constitute groups of Ca2+-binding proteins, each of which comprises more than 10 members. S100 proteins are small, dimeric, EF-hand-type Ca2+-binding proteins that exert both intracellular and extracellular functions. Within the cells, S100 proteins regulate various reactions, including phosphorylation, in response to changes in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Although S100 proteins are known to be associated with many diseases, exact pathological contributions have not been proven in detail. Annexins are non-EF-hand-type Ca2+-binding proteins that exhibit Ca2+-dependent binding to phospholipids and membranes in various tissues. Annexins bring different membranes into proximity and assist them to fuse, and therefore are believed to play a role in membrane trafficking and organization. Several S100 proteins and annexins are known to interact with each other in either a Ca2+-dependent or Ca2+-independent manner, and form complexes that exhibit biological activities. This review focuses on the interaction between S100 proteins and annexins, and the possible biological roles of these complexes. Recent studies have shown that S100-annexin complexes have a role in the differentiation of gonad cells and neurological disorders, such as depression. These complexes regulate the organization of membranes and vesicles, and thereby may participate in the appropriate disposition of membrane-associated proteins, including ion channels and/or receptors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Annexins / metabolism*
  • Annexins / physiology
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Multiprotein Complexes / physiology
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Transport
  • S100 Proteins / metabolism*
  • S100 Proteins / physiology


  • Annexins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • S100 Proteins