Purpose of review: To review the advantages and disadvantages of ungrafted and grafted methods of anterior vaginal prolapse repair.
Recent findings: Successful correction of anterior vaginal prolapse remains one of the most challenging aspects of pelvic reconstructive surgery. Anterior colporrhaphy is associated with an unacceptably high recurrence rate. Paravaginal repairs are technically more difficult to perform and may be associated with more complications. The low success rate has consequently led to more frequent use of grafts in anterior vaginal prolapse repair. Although retrospective case series of graft-reinforced anterior vaginal prolapse repair shows promising short-term success rates, mesh-related complications are of concern.
Summary: The goal of pelvic surgery should be restoration of anatomic support without deleterious effects on visceral and sexual function. Limited data are available on quality of life and sexual function following both traditional and graft-reinforced anterior vaginal prolapse surgery. Although mesh-reinforced repair is associated with lower short-term anatomic recurrence, the long-term durability and safety of mesh-reinforced repair is unknown. Further research is required to determine whether surgical technique and type of graft used impact surgical outcome and complications.