A role for planar cell polarity signaling in angiogenesis

Angiogenesis. 2008;11(4):347-60. doi: 10.1007/s10456-008-9116-2. Epub 2008 Sep 17.


The planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway is a highly conserved signaling cascade that coordinates both epithelial and axonal morphogenic movements during development. Angiogenesis also involves the growth and migration of polarized cells, although the mechanisms underlying their intercellular communication are poorly understood. Here, using cell culture assays, we demonstrate that inhibition of PCP signaling disrupts endothelial cell growth, polarity, and migration, all of which can be rescued through downstream activation of this pathway by expression of either Daam-1, Diversin or Inversin. Silencing of either Dvl2 or Prickle suppressed endothelial cell proliferation. Moreover, loss of p53 rescues endothelial cell growth arrest but not the migration inhibition caused by PCP disruption. In addition, we show that the zebrafish Wnt5 mutant (pipetail (ppt)), which has impaired PCP signaling, displays vascular developmental defects. These findings reveal a potential role for PCP signaling in the coordinated assembly of endothelial cells into vascular structures and have important implications for vascular remodeling in development and disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics
  • Animals
  • Blood Vessels / abnormalities
  • Blood Vessels / drug effects
  • Caveolin 1 / metabolism
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cell Polarity* / drug effects
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Cyclohexanes / pharmacology
  • Dishevelled Proteins
  • Endothelial Cells / cytology
  • Endothelial Cells / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Models, Animal
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic* / drug effects
  • O-(Chloroacetylcarbamoyl)fumagillol
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics
  • Sesquiterpenes / pharmacology
  • Signal Transduction* / drug effects
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • Wnt Proteins / metabolism
  • Zebrafish
  • beta Catenin / metabolism


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Caveolin 1
  • Cyclohexanes
  • DVL2 protein, human
  • Dishevelled Proteins
  • Dvl2 protein, mouse
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Sesquiterpenes
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Wnt Proteins
  • beta Catenin
  • O-(Chloroacetylcarbamoyl)fumagillol