In mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), minimal residual disease (MRD) is an indicator of the disease outcome. Quantitative methods used so far do not provide a suitable molecular marker in 30-70% patients with MCL (depending on the technique used). We tested cyclin D1 as a marker for quantitative MRD monitoring. The real-time PCR of cyclin D1 mRNA was performed in 144 bone marrow (BM) specimens including 95 BMs from MCL patients, 39 BMs from patients with other B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and 10 BMs from healthy volunteer donors. In 73 BMs obtained from 20 MCL patients we examined the cyclin D1 level during the treatment and follow-up period. We detected a cyclin D1 overexpression exclusively in BMs infiltrated with MCL, including minimal residual infiltration. Dynamics of cyclin D1 correlated with the patient's clinical status in 69/73 BMs. Individual monitoring of patients during the disease course showed cyclin D1 quantitative changes accompanying either the disease relapse or a successful treatment response or the disease-free survival (remission) and it showed a predictive significance. Cyclin D1 detection is a promising approach for the quantitative MRD monitoring in MCL patients, and the individual monitoring of the cyclin D1 dynamics represents a suitable indicator of the disease course.
(c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.