Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Monoarthritis in a Child

Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. 2008 Sep 18;6:15. doi: 10.1186/1546-0096-6-15.


A child with isolated Mycobacterium tuberculosis monoarthritis, with features initially suggesting oligoarthritis subtype of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is presented. This patient illustrates the need to consider the possibility of tuberculosis as the cause of oligoarthritis in high-risk pediatric populations even in the absence of a tuberculosis contact history and without evidence of overt pulmonary disease.