ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2008: the Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2008 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association of the ESC (HFA) and endorsed by the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM)

Eur Heart J. 2008 Oct;29(19):2388-442. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehn309. Epub 2008 Sep 17.
No abstract available

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Cardiovascular Agents / therapeutic use
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
  • Heart Failure / diagnosis*
  • Heart Failure / therapy*
  • Humans


  • Cardiovascular Agents