SQUAT: A web tool to mine human, murine and avian SAGE data

BMC Bioinformatics. 2008 Sep 18;9:378. doi: 10.1186/1471-2105-9-378.


Background: There is an increasing need in transcriptome research for gene expression data and pattern warehouses. It is of importance to integrate in these warehouses both raw transcriptomic data, as well as some properties encoded in these data, like local patterns.

Description: We have developed an application called SQUAT (SAGE Querying and Analysis Tools) which is available at: http://bsmc.insa-lyon.fr/squat/. This database gives access to both raw SAGE data and patterns mined from these data, for three species (human, mouse and chicken). This database allows to make simple queries like "In which biological situations is my favorite gene expressed?" as well as much more complex queries like: <<what are the genes that are frequently co-over-expressed with my gene of interest in given biological situations?>>. Connections with external web databases enrich biological interpretations, and enable sophisticated queries. To illustrate the power of SQUAT, we show and analyze the results of three different queries, one of which led to a biological hypothesis that was experimentally validated.

Conclusion: SQUAT is a user-friendly information retrieval platform, which aims at bringing some of the state-of-the-art mining tools to biologists.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Birds
  • Database Management Systems*
  • Databases, Genetic*
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods*
  • Humans
  • Information Storage and Retrieval / methods*
  • Internet*
  • Mice
  • Software*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • User-Computer Interface


  • Transcription Factors