The differences among individual bile acids (BAs) in eliciting different physiological and pathological responses are largely unknown because of the lack of valid and simple analytical methods for the quantification of individual BAs and their taurine and glycine conjugates. Therefore, a simple and sensitive LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous quantification of 6 major BAs, their glycine, and taurine conjugates in mouse liver, bile, plasma, and urine was developed and validated. One-step sample preparation using solid-phase extraction (for bile and urine) or protein precipitation (for plasma and liver) was used to extract BAs. This method is valid and sensitive with a limit of quantification ranging from 10 to 40 ng/ml for the various analytes, has a large dynamic range (2500), and a short run time (20 min). Detailed BA profiles were obtained from mouse liver, plasma, bile, and urine using this method. Muricholic acid (MCA) and cholic acid (CA) taurine conjugates constituted more than 90% of BAs in liver and bile. BA concentrations in liver were about 300-fold higher than in plasma, and about 180-fold higher in bile than in liver. In summary, a reliable and simple LC-MS/MS method to quantify major BAs and their metabolites was developed and applied to quantify BAs in mouse tissues and fluids.