Role of interactive home telemedicine for early and protected discharge 1 day after carotid endarterectomy

Ann Vasc Surg. Jan-Feb 2009;23(1):76-80. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2008.06.013. Epub 2008 Sep 21.

Abstract

Our aim was to prove the feasibility and safety of a protocol for early and protected discharge 1 day after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) using a system of telemedicine (TMD) monitoring. Among 147 patients operated upon for 163 CEAs, we selected a group (A) of 36 patients fulfilling criteria for discharge 1 day after surgery. An electronic blood pressure manometer, a videophone, an antihypertensive drug (amlodipine), and a customer satisfaction questionnaire were given to every group A patient. With a video-communication program linked to the Web, we monitored every 4 hours (from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.) for 2 days the surgical wound, blood pressure, and heart frequency of the patients. Other patients were included in group B. No differences regarding demographic characteristics, risk factors, carotid lesions, operative time, postoperative complications, or blood loss were noted between group A and group B. Twenty-one patients in group A were actually discharged 1 day after surgery. No cervical hematoma developed. Three hypertensive crises were treated successfully in group A. From the questionnaire a feeling of insecurity at discharge emerged, but it rapidly resolved. The overall cost of video connections was 25.39 +/- 0.25 Euros per patient. CEA can be safely done as 1-day surgery using a TMD monitoring system in selected cases. Our protocol allowed early discharge safely, leading to reduced hospital costs.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Amlodipine / therapeutic use
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Blood Pressure
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory
  • Carotid Stenosis / surgery*
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Endarterectomy, Carotid* / adverse effects
  • Endarterectomy, Carotid* / economics
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Internet*
  • Length of Stay* / economics
  • Male
  • Manometry
  • Patient Discharge* / economics
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Pilot Projects
  • Postoperative Care
  • Program Evaluation
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Telemedicine* / economics
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Video Recording
  • Wound Healing

Substances

  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Amlodipine