Physician burnout in Hungary: a potential role for work-family conflict

J Health Psychol. 2008 Oct;13(7):847-56. doi: 10.1177/1359105308095055.


In a study among Hungarian physicians (N = 420), we tested the hypothesis that compared to men female physicians experience higher work-family conflict (WFC) and consequent burnout. As predicted, female physicians scored significantly higher on the emotional exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and significantly more female physicians experienced high levels of emotional exhaustion compared to male physicians. WFC emerged as a significant predictor of burnout (emotional exhaustion and depersonalization). These findings suggest a potential path from WFC to burnout in a scarcely researched population of physicians in a unique cultural setting and provide further data for cross-cultural burnout research.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Burnout, Professional / epidemiology*
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Family Characteristics
  • Family Conflict / psychology*
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Hungary
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Physician Impairment / psychology
  • Physician Impairment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Environment
  • Workload / psychology*