Visualisation of intracerebral haemorrhage with flat-detector CT compared to multislice CT: results in 44 cases

Eur Radiol. 2009 Mar;19(3):619-25. doi: 10.1007/s00330-008-1183-7. Epub 2008 Sep 24.


The aim of the study was to test the reliability of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) detection with C-arm-mounted flat-detector computed tomography (FD-CT) in the angio suite as compared to multislice CT (MSCT). In this study 44 patients with 45 ICH were included. All patients were investigated with MSCT and FD-CT during angiographic evaluation. As a control group we included 16 patients without ICH. In each haematoma we assessed volumetric data of the ICH and counted the numbers of ICH-positive slices. Using interobserver ratings, we additionally investigated the potential of FD-CT to serve as a diagnostic tool to detect ICH. In FD-CT three haematomas were not detected because of motion and beam-hardening artefacts in the region close to the skull base. The r value for the degree of interobserver agreement for the number of slices was 0.95 for MSCT and 0.94 for FD-CT. Measurements of the area and the calculated volume of the ICH showed high inter- and intraobserver agreement. Our results indicate that FD-CT is a helpful tool in the daily emergency management of ICH patients as detection of ICH was found to be nearly as reliable as in MSCT. Limitations of this technology are motion and beam-hardening artefacts that may mask small haematomas located in the posterior fossa or the skull base.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Artifacts
  • Cerebral Angiography / methods
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging*
  • Equipment Design
  • False Positive Reactions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Observer Variation
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*