Brivanib Alaninate is a novel chiral prodrug possessing two stereogenic centers. Simultaneous HPLC separation of five isomers of Brivanib Alaninate was systematically investigated on a wide variety of polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs) using underivatization and pre-column derivatization methods. The influence of derivatizing groups and mobile phase composition on the enantioseparation and retention behavior of Brivanib Alaninate compounds was studied. To better understand the chiral recognition mechanism, the temperature effect was also evaluated. The results of these studies led to the first complete HPLC resolution of all five isomers of Brivanib Alaninate as carbobenzyloxy (CBZ) derivatives on a cellulose benzoate CSP (OJ-H).