Transphyseal reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament in prepubescent children

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2008 Oct;90(10):1317-22. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.90B10.21168.


We present the results of 17 children of Tanner stage 1 or 2 who underwent reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament between 1999 and 2006 using a transphyseal procedure, employing an ipsilateral four-strand hamstring graft. The mean age of the children was 12.1 years (9.5 to 14). The mean follow-up was 44 months (25 to 100). Survival of the graft, the functional outcome and complications were recorded. There was one re-rupture following another injury. Of the remaining patients, all had good or excellent results and a normal International Knee Documentation Committee score. The mean post-operative Lysholm score was 97.5 (SD 2.6) and the mean Tegner activity scale was 7.9 (SD 1.4). One patient had a mild valgus deformity which caused no functional disturbance. No other abnormality or discrepancy of leg length was seen. Measurements with a KT1000 arthrometer showed no significant difference between the normal and the operated legs. In this small series, transphyseal reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament appeared to be safe in these young children.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / surgery*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / etiology
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Recovery of Function
  • Reoperation
  • Tendons / transplantation*
  • Treatment Outcome