Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome of the hand after placement of an arteriovenous graft for hemodialysis

Am J Kidney Dis. 1991 Sep;18(3):406-8. doi: 10.1016/s0272-6386(12)80105-3.


Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS), a complex clinical syndrome characterized by pain and swelling of an affected extremity, is most commonly seen after trauma. We report the case of a woman with diabetes mellitus and chronic renal failure who presented with RSDS 5 months after placement of an arteriovenous (AV) graft for hemodialysis. The temporal relationship between RSDS and the vascular surgery suggests AV graft placement as the precipitating event for the development of RSDS. Treatment with systemic corticosteroids successfully relieved the patient's symptoms. We believe that RSDS should be included in the differential diagnosis of unexplained limb pain and swelling after AV graft placement.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Arm / blood supply
  • Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Hand*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Prednisone / therapeutic use
  • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy / diagnosis
  • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy / drug therapy
  • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy / etiology*
  • Renal Dialysis*


  • Prednisone