Tumors of the urinary bladder in painters: a case-control study

Am J Ind Med. 1991;19(6):705-13. doi: 10.1002/ajim.4700190604.


In a case-control study, 403 male patients with a diagnosis of "bladder tumor" and (as controls) 426 patients suffering from prostate disease were investigated. The results of this study indicate that past employment as a painter was associated with an excess risk of bladder tumor. The relative risk of bladder tumor estimated for painters was 2.76. The possible role of benzidine-based azodyes (or azodyes based on substituted benzidines) as a carcinogenic risk factor for painters is discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma / epidemiology
  • Carcinoma / etiology*
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / epidemiology
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / etiology*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology*
  • Paint / adverse effects*
  • Prostatic Diseases
  • Risk Factors
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / etiology*