A cDNA encoding tomato fruit lectin was cloned from an unripe cherry-tomato fruit cDNA library. The isolated lectin cDNA contained an open reading frame encoding 365 amino acids, including peptides that were sequenced. The deduced sequence consisted of three distinct domains: (i) an N-terminal short extensin-like domain; (ii) a Cys-rich carbohydrate binding domain composed of four almost identical chitin-binding domains; (iii) an internal extensin-like domain of 101 residues containing 15 SerPro(4) motifs inserted between the first and second chitin-binding domains. The molecular weight of the lectin was 65,633 and that of the deglycosylated lectin was 32,948, as determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). This correlated with the estimated molecular weight of the deduced sequence. Recombinant tomato lectin expressed in Pichia pastoris possessed chitin-binding but not hemagglutinating activity. These findings confirmed that the cDNA encoded tomato lectin.