Background: The point-of-care (POC) test Roche CARDIAC CK-MB is a new assay which has been developed for the existing Roche Cardiac reader system.
Methods: We performed a multicentre evaluation at six sites to assess the analytical performance of the POC CK-MB assay and to compare it with a quantitative laboratory CK-MB assay.
Results: Within-series coefficients of variation (CV) resulting from 34 ten-fold measurements with patient samples ranged from 4.3% to 16.4%. Using quality control material, the mean CV values for day-to-day imprecision were 6.5% for the low level control and 8.4% for the high level control. Based upon 847 pairs of values, the mean relative bias of three independently calibrated lots of the POC CK-MB assay ranged from -6% to -11% in method comparisons with the lab CK-MB assay. The mean relative lot-to-lot differences of POC CK-MB were between -2% and +1%. No interference was observed with lipaemic blood (triglyceride concentrations up to 8.1 mmol/L), icteric blood (bilirubin concentrations up to 513 micromol/L), haemolytic blood (haemoglobin concentrations up to 0.12 mmol/L), biotin (up to 30 mg/L) and rheumatoid factor (up to 119 IU/mL), or with 53 standard or cardiological drugs even in toxic concentrations. There was no influence on the results by varying haematocrit values in the range from 21% to 54%. A slight interference with human anti-mouse antibodies type 2 was found. No significant influence on the results with POC CK-MB was found by using sample volumes between 135 and 165 microL. High CK-MB concentrations above the measuring range of POC CK-MB (1-40 microg/L) did not lead to false low results due to potential high-dose hook effect. No significant effect of sample age on recovery occurred up to a sample age of 24 h. No cross-reactivity was found between the POC CK-MB assay and either CK-MM or CK-BB. A substudy with healthy individuals confirmed the reference limits of 3.8 microg/L for females and 6.7 microg/L for males.
Conclusions: The POC CK-MB assay showed a very good analytical performance with an excellent concordance with the calibration and reference laboratory method. It should be therefore suitable for its intended use in POC settings. Clin Chem Lab Med 2008;46:630-8.