Development of a new pharmacophore model that discriminates active compstatin analogs

Chem Biol Drug Des. 2008 Oct;72(4):249-56. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0285.2008.00709.x.


Compstatin and its active peptide analogs can potentially be used for therapeutic purposes because their binding to the third component of complement prohibits its conversion into the proteolytically activated form of the third component of complement, thus inhibiting complement cascades in all three complement pathways. Mallik and Morikis built three quasi-dynamic pharmacophore models for compstatin peptide analogs before, but only nine compstatin peptide analogs were incorporated in their study and the most active compstatin analog had only medium inhibitory activity. Since then, many more compstatin analogs have been synthesized and their inhibitory activities tested. Furthermore, the X-ray structure of AcCompNH2-V4W-H9A bound to the third component of complement has become available (PDB ID: 2QKI). In this paper, we utilized all the new information and built a new pharmacophore model using a distinct approach. Our model demonstrated good performance in a separate test set of 82 compstatin analogs: it accurately identified 70% of the analogs of medium or high inhibitory activities and misclassified only 8.5% of the analogs of low or no inhibitory activities. The results proved our pharmacophore model to be a filter of great sensitivity and specificity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Complement C3 / chemistry
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Models, Molecular*
  • Peptides, Cyclic / chemistry*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Complement C3
  • Peptides, Cyclic
  • compstatin