Development and validation of a scale to measure Latino parenting strategies related to children's obesigenic behaviors. The parenting strategies for eating and activity scale (PEAS)

Appetite. 2009 Feb;52(1):166-72. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2008.09.011. Epub 2008 Sep 19.

Abstract

Research has shown that children's dietary and activity-related behaviors are shaped by the family environment and parenting behaviors. The present study describes the development and validation of a bilingual (Spanish and English) scale assessing parenting strategies associated with children's dietary and activity-related behaviors in the home. Items were generated from focus groups with Latina mothers and a review of the literature, and two different samples were used to assess the scale's psychometric properties, including an examination of predictive validity using measured child body mass index. Factor analysis of the first sample (N=91) yielded a 5-factor solution (limit setting, monitoring, discipline, control and concern) and accounted for 65% of the variance. Confirmatory factor analyses on a second sample of Latina mothers recruited into a childhood obesity prevention study (N=714) showed that a 26-item 5-factor solution (limit setting, monitoring, discipline, control and reinforcement) provided the best fit for the data. Parenting strategies characterized as controlling were associated with a lower BMI among children. After using multiple samples and establishing its validity, the parenting strategies for eating and activity scale (PEAS) was found to be valid and reliable in measuring Latino parenting strategies related to children's dietary and activity-related behaviors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Behavior / ethnology*
  • Child Behavior / psychology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Computers
  • Diet*
  • Exercise / psychology
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Mothers
  • Obesity / etiology*
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Parenting / ethnology*
  • Parenting / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Television