Abstract CD146 (MUC18, Mel-CAM/MCAM) is a transmembrane protein, originally identified as a biomarker of melanoma, and plays an important role in cancer invasion and metastasis. Further studies revealed that CD146 as a novel endothelial marker was also involved in angiogenesis. Previous studies reported several anti-CD146 antibodies, such as MUC18, A32, S-endo1, and P1H12, showing different binding patterns to the endothelium of various types of blood vessels. To examine the possibility that antibodies targeting different epitopes on CD146 could have different behaviors, we generated a panel of anti-human CD146 monoclonal antibodies, named AA1-5 and AA7, by immunizing mice with human CD146 protein purified from HUVEC. Their specificity and binding affinity were intensively characterized using Western blotting, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemical assay. On the basis of epitope mapping, we divided the six monoclonal antibodies (MAb) into two groups, groups V1 and C2-2, corresponding to the different extracellular domains harboring these epitopes, the first IgV and the second IgC2 domains, respectively. Furthermore, owing to different epitopes, the two groups of antibodies behaved differentially in cellular and histological levels. Therefore, these anti-CD146 MAbs targeting different domains should be useful tools in studying the expression and function of human CD146.