The FANCM ortholog Fml1 promotes recombination at stalled replication forks and limits crossing over during DNA double-strand break repair

Mol Cell. 2008 Oct 10;32(1):118-28. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2008.08.024.


The Fanconi anemia (FA) core complex promotes the tolerance/repair of DNA damage at stalled replication forks by catalyzing the monoubiquitination of FANCD2 and FANCI. Intriguingly, the core complex component FANCM also catalyzes branch migration of model Holliday junctions and replication forks in vitro. Here we have characterized the ortholog of FANCM in fission yeast Fml1 in order to understand the physiological significance of this activity. We show that Fml1 has at least two roles in homologous recombination-it promotes Rad51-dependent gene conversion at stalled/blocked replication forks and limits crossing over during mitotic double-strand break repair. In vitro Fml1 catalyzes both replication fork reversal and D loop disruption, indicating possible mechanisms by which it can fulfill its pro- and antirecombinogenic roles.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Crossing Over, Genetic
  • DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded*
  • DNA Helicases / genetics
  • DNA Helicases / metabolism*
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA, Cruciform
  • DNA, Fungal / chemistry
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • DNA, Fungal / metabolism
  • Fanconi Anemia / genetics
  • Fanconi Anemia / metabolism
  • Gene Conversion
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / metabolism*
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins / genetics
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins / metabolism*


  • DNA, Cruciform
  • DNA, Fungal
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • FANCM protein, human
  • DNA Helicases