Extracellular phospholipase A2 secretion is a common effector pathway of interleukin-1 and tumour necrosis factor action

Immunol Lett. 1991 Jun;28(3):187-93. doi: 10.1016/0165-2478(91)90002-r.


Inflammatory processes are characterized by increased levels of extracellular phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and cytokines such as interleukin 1 (IL-1) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF). IL-1, TNF and PLA2 share a number of proinflammatory, arthritogenic effects. The sequential induction, first of the cytokines followed by PLA2, suggests that these cytokines may regulate synthesis and secretion of PLA2. To test this postulate, foetal rat calvarial bone-forming cells (FRCC) were treated with recombinant human IL-1 and TNF and extracellular PLA2 release was quantitated. Both IL-1 and TNF induced the de novo synthesis of PLA2 in a concentration-dependent manner. Continuous exposure of FRCC in primary culture to IL-1 (50 units/ml) over 15 days resulted in as much as 100-fold increase in PLA2 secretion. IL-1 (50 units/ml) added to post-confluent cultures for a 48-h pulse increased PLA2 activity 9.4-fold. The combination of IL-1 (50 units/ml) and TNF (500 units/ml) was synergistic with an observed increase in extracellular PLA2 secretion of 146-fold following a 48-h pulse. Interleukin-6, alone or in combination with IL-1 or TNF, did not further enhance PLA2 synthesis of secretion. Cytokine-induced synthesis of PLA2 was inhibited 80% by 10 microM cycloheximide but not by dexamethasone over the range of 10(-6) to 10(-8) M. FRCC-derived PLA2 was neutral-active with a pH optimum of 6-7.5 and was calcium-dependent with optimal activity in the presence of 2-7 mM calcium. It had absolute 2-acyl specificity using micellar phosphatidylcholine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cycloheximide / pharmacology
  • Dexamethasone / pharmacology
  • Interleukin-1 / pharmacology*
  • Osteoblasts / enzymology*
  • Phospholipases A / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Phospholipases A / metabolism*
  • Phospholipases A2
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology*


  • Interleukin-1
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Dexamethasone
  • Cycloheximide
  • Phospholipases A
  • Phospholipases A2