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Practice Guideline
, 4 (5), 487-504

Clinical Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Chronic Insomnia in Adults

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Practice Guideline

Clinical Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Chronic Insomnia in Adults

Sharon Schutte-Rodin et al. J Clin Sleep Med.

Abstract

Insomnia is the most prevalent sleep disorder in the general population, and is commonly encountered in medical practices. Insomnia is defined as the subjective perception of difficulty with sleep initiation, duration, consolidation, or quality that occurs despite adequate opportunity for sleep, and that results in some form of daytime impairment.1 Insomnia may present with a variety of specific complaints and etiologies, making the evaluation and management of chronic insomnia demanding on a clinician's time. The purpose of this clinical guideline is to provide clinicians with a practical framework for the assessment and disease management of chronic adult insomnia, using existing evidence-based insomnia practice parameters where available, and consensus-based recommendations to bridge areas where such parameters do not exist. Unless otherwise stated, "insomnia" refers to chronic insomnia, which is present for at least a month, as opposed to acute or transient insomnia, which may last days to weeks.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Algorithm for the Evaluation of Chronic Insomnia. When using this diagram, the clinician should be aware that the presence of one diagnosis does not exclude other diagnoses in the same or another tier, as multiple diagnoses may coexist. Acute Adjustment Insomnia, not a chronic insomnia, is included in the chronic insomnia algorithm in order to highlight that the clinician should be aware that extrinsic stressors may trigger, perpetuate, or exacerbate the chronic insomnia.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Algorithm for the Treatment of Chronic Insomnia

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