Silver nanoparticles as a new generation of antimicrobials

Biotechnol Adv. Jan-Feb 2009;27(1):76-83. doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2008.09.002. Epub 2008 Sep 30.

Abstract

Silver has been in use since time immemorial in the form of metallic silver, silver nitrate, silver sulfadiazine for the treatment of burns, wounds and several bacterial infections. But due to the emergence of several antibiotics the use of these silver compounds has been declined remarkably. Nanotechnology is gaining tremendous impetus in the present century due to its capability of modulating metals into their nanosize, which drastically changes the chemical, physical and optical properties of metals. Metallic silver in the form of silver nanoparticles has made a remarkable comeback as a potential antimicrobial agent. The use of silver nanoparticles is also important, as several pathogenic bacteria have developed resistance against various antibiotics. Hence, silver nanoparticles have emerged up with diverse medical applications ranging from silver based dressings, silver coated medicinal devices, such as nanogels, nanolotions, etc.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Nanoparticles*
  • Particle Size
  • Silver / pharmacology*
  • Silver Sulfadiazine / pharmacology
  • Zeolites / pharmacology

Substances

  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Zeolites
  • Silver
  • Silver Sulfadiazine