Anabolic-androgenic steroid use and involvement in violent behavior in a nationally representative sample of young adult males in the United States

Am J Public Health. 2008 Dec;98(12):2185-7. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.137018. Epub 2008 Oct 15.


We examined the effects of anabolic-androgenic steroid use on serious violent behavior. Multivariate models based on data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 6823) were used to examine the association between lifetime and past-year self-reported anabolic-androgenic steroid use and involvement in violent acts. Compared with individuals who did not use steroids, young adult males who used anabolic-androgenic steroids reported greater involvement in violent behaviors after we controlled for the effects of key demographic variables, previous violent behavior, and polydrug use.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / drug effects
  • Age Distribution
  • Aggression / drug effects
  • Anabolic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Androgens / adverse effects*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Minority Groups / statistics & numerical data
  • Models, Statistical
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • Substance-Related Disorders / complications*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data*
  • White People / statistics & numerical data
  • Young Adult


  • Anabolic Agents
  • Androgens