Early class III occlusal tendency in children and its selective management

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2008 Sep;26(3):107-13. doi: 10.4103/0970-4388.43191.


Class III malocclusion may develop in children as a result of an inherent growth abnormality, i.e., true class III malocclusion, or as a result of premature occlusal contacts causing forward functional shift of the mandible, which is known as pseudo class III malocclusion. These cases, if not treated at the initial stage of development, interfere with normal growth of the skeletal bases and may result in severe facial deformities. The treatment should be carried out as early as possible with the aim of permitting normal growth. This paper deals with the selection of an appropriate treatment approach from the various current options available for early intervention in children developing class III occlusal tendencies; the different clinical features are depicted in the three case reports.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Activator Appliances
  • Cephalometry
  • Child
  • Dentition, Mixed
  • Extraoral Traction Appliances
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Malocclusion, Angle Class III / physiopathology
  • Malocclusion, Angle Class III / therapy*
  • Mandible / physiopathology
  • Maxilla / growth & development
  • Maxilla / physiopathology
  • Maxillofacial Development / physiology
  • Orthodontic Retainers
  • Orthodontics, Interceptive* / instrumentation
  • Orthodontics, Interceptive* / methods
  • Palatal Expansion Technique / instrumentation
  • Patient Care Planning