In the past, several midline defects have been associated with Down syndrome (DS) on a regular basis, e.g. heart defects, cleft lip and palate, neural tube defects, omphalocele and anal atresia. The exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) represents a rare midline defect, rarely described in association with DS. Here, we report on the co-occurrence of DS and EEC in two, so far, unreported cases and present a review of the literature. We suggest that EEC represents a rare but inherent part in the spectrum of DS-associated midline defects.