An analysis of burn mortality: a report from a Spanish regional burn centre

Burns. 1991 Jun;17(3):201-4. doi: 10.1016/0305-4179(91)90104-o.


This paper reports an analysis of the mortality rates and related factors in our Burn Centre, based on 710 patients treated between 1985 and 1988. The average age of the patients was 23.8 years and the average burn size was 14 per cent of the body surface area. Burning injury affected mainly men (66 per cent), and their mortality rate was higher than that of women. The overall mortality rate was 6.6 per cent, the average age of the fatally injured patients being 54 years. We confirm that mortality in burned patients is closely related to: age (51 per cent of the patients were over 60 years of age); burn size (68 per cent of the patients had burns covering more than 30 per cent TBS); burn depth (57.4 per cent had full skin thickness burns); inhalation injury (present in 66 per cent of the fatally injured); and associated risk factors. The main cause of the burning injury was flames, chiefly from domestic accidents. The average survival time for the fatally injured patients was 10 days. Finally, our expected mortality followed a linear regression model, the LA50 for patients with only full skin thickness burns was 50 per cent.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Burn Units
  • Burns / etiology
  • Burns / mortality*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Spain / epidemiology