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. 2008 Nov;36(4):290-300.
doi: 10.3758/LB.36.4.290.

Evidence for the Interchangeability of an Avoidance Behavior and a Negative Occasion Setter

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Evidence for the Interchangeability of an Avoidance Behavior and a Negative Occasion Setter

Mieke Declercq et al. Learn Behav. .

Abstract

Recent research on avoidance behavior provided evidence that such behavior can function as a negative occasion setter. We tested this hypothesis further by investigating whether the modulatory function of a stimulus occasion setter transfers selectively to a relation previously modulated by an avoidance behavior, and whether the modulatory function of an avoidance behavior transfers selectively to a relation previously modulated by a stimulus occasion setter. The three experiments reported in this article provided evidence to support this hypothesis. Furthermore, the results of Experiment 1 suggested that the presence of counterconditioning trials is not a necessary condition for an avoidance behavior to function as a negative occasion setter. All three reported experiments support the occasion-setting account of avoidance behavior.

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