Mutation analysis of NOBOX homeodomain in Chinese women with premature ovarian failure

Fertil Steril. 2009 Apr;91(4 Suppl):1507-9. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.08.020. Epub 2008 Oct 17.


The newborn ovary homeobox gene (NOBOX) is an oocyte-specific homeobox gene that plays a critical role in early folliculogenesis, thus representing an attractive candidate gene for nonsyndromic ovarian failure. We investigated whether perturbation in the homeodomain region of NOBOX was present in Chinese women with premature ovarian failure (POF). We sequenced 200 Chinese patients with POF, and discovered only two known single nucleotide polymorphisms: in intron 6 (c.1154+11 T>C and c.1155-22 G>A); neither offers plausible explanations for POF. Failing to find causative mutation contrasts with our previous study in a caucasian sample, in which we found plausible homeobox mutation in 1 of 96 POF cases. Mutations in the homeobox domain of NOBOX are not common explanations for POF in Chinese women.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • China
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA Mutational Analysis / methods
  • Exons / genetics
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Introns / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Primary Ovarian Insufficiency / ethnology*
  • Primary Ovarian Insufficiency / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Young Adult


  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • NOBOX protein, human
  • Transcription Factors
  • DNA