Objective: To assess the effect of combining a synthetic matrix metalloprotease inhibitor and chemoradiation therapy on tumor growth in a murine model of head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC).
Methods: Athymic, nude mice bearing SCC-1 xenografts were used to comprise 4 treatment groups: (1) control receiving vehicle alone, (2) marimastat alone, (3) cisplatin + radiation in combination and (4) marimastat + cisplatin + radiation in combination. The marimastat was administered at a dose of 8.7 mg/kg/day over a 14-day period via a subcutaneous osmotic pump. The control group received vehicle only via a subcutaneous osmotic pump. Radiotherapy was given in 4 fractions of 8 Gy divided over days 8, 12, 16 and 20 with 4 intraperitoneal doses of cisplatin (3 mg/kg) 1 h before each fraction of radiation.
Results: Animals receiving triple treatment had delayed growth, measured as lengthened tumor doubling time, compared to the cisplatin + radiation combination (p = 0.03). Also, compared to control, the triple-treatment group (p = 0.005) had delayed growth in terms of doubling time. Factor VIII immunohistochemistry to assess microvessel density did not demonstrate a reduction in neovascularization between the triple-treatment and cisplatin + radiation combination groups. Statistical analysis failed to demonstrate any significant difference among groups.
Conclusions: Chemoradiation + marimastat therapy had delayed tumor growth, compared to the chemoradiation alone. Based on these results, marimastat may work in combination with chemotherapy and radiation to inhibit tumor growth.
Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.