Lipid Patterns and Dietary Habits of Healthy Subjects Living in Urban, Suburban and Rural Areas

Ceylon Med J. 1991 Mar;36(1):9-16.

Abstract

Lipid patterns were determined in 167 healthy subjects in the age group 28 to 50 years living in an urban area, a suburban area and two rural areas to determine a possible relationship between their serum lipid patterns and food habits. Total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations were determined in the sera of fasting subjects, and low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol concentration was calculated. Risk of coronary heart disease as assessed by the body mass index, ratios of total cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol, was significantly lower in subjects in rural area 2, who were agricultural workers with a high degree of physical activity, subsisting on a diet consisting mainly of plant food, despite a higher consumption of coconut, a saturated fat. It is possible that the hypercholesterolaemic effect of saturated fats was mitigated by the high fibre content of their diets.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rural Population
  • Sri Lanka
  • Suburban Population
  • Urban Population

Substances

  • Dietary Fats
  • Lipids