Mapping the interaction sites of Aspergillus nidulans phytochrome FphA with the global regulator VeA and the White Collar protein LreB

Mol Genet Genomics. 2009 Jan;281(1):35-42. doi: 10.1007/s00438-008-0390-x. Epub 2008 Oct 21.


Aspergillus nidulans senses red and blue-light and employs a phytochrome and a Neurospora crassa White Collar (WC) homologous system for light perception and transmits this information into developmental decisions. Under light conditions it undergoes asexual development and in the dark it develops sexually. The phytochrome FphA consists of a light sensory domain and a signal output domain, consisting of a histidine kinase and a response regulator domain. Previously it was shown that the phytochrome FphA directly interacts with the WC-2 homologue, LreB and another regulator, VeA. In this paper we mapped the interaction of FphA with LreB to the histidine kinase and the response regulator domain at the C-terminus in vivo using the bimolecular fluorescence complementation assay and in vitro by co-immunoprecipitation. In comparison, VeA interacted with FphA only at the histidine kinase domain. We present evidence that VeA occurs as a phosphorylated and a non-phosphorylated form in the cell. The phosphorylation status of the protein was independent of the light receptors FphA, LreB and the WC-1 homologue LreA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aspergillus nidulans / genetics
  • Aspergillus nidulans / metabolism*
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites / genetics
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry*
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / genetics
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phytochrome A / chemistry*
  • Phytochrome A / genetics
  • Phytochrome A / metabolism*
  • Phytochrome B / chemistry
  • Phytochrome B / genetics
  • Phytochrome B / metabolism
  • Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Fungal
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Phytochrome A
  • Transcription Factors
  • white collar 2 protein, Neurospora
  • Phytochrome B