Primitive erythropoiesis of mouse teratocarcinoma stem cells PCC3/A/1 in serum-free medium

Development. 1991 Feb;111(2):543-9. doi: 10.1242/dev.111.2.543.


Mouse teratocarcinoma stem cells PCC3/A/1 differentiated into various types of cells, such as red cells, when they were grown in serum-free medium containing transferrin and bovine serum albumin on a KCF cell feeder layer. These red cells were stained well with 2,7-diaminofluorene (DAF), and therefore were erythroid cells. They were nucleated and contained embryonic globin chains, immunologically identified with antiembryonic hemoglobin antisera after acid urea Triton X-100 polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (UT-PAGE). The addition of erythropoietin to the culture medium enhanced the production of both embryonic and adult globin chains. The addition of interleukin-3 also enhanced the production of embryonic globin chains, but not the production of adult globin chains. These results indicated that primitive erythropoiesis of PCC3/A/1 teratocarcinoma cells did not require exogenous addition of any hematopoietic factor such as erythropoietin or interleukin-3. This culture system will be a new model system for investigating the factors regulating the primitive erythropoiesis in yolk sac blood islands.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Culture Media
  • Erythropoiesis*
  • Globins / analysis
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological
  • Teratoma / ultrastructure
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / physiology*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / ultrastructure


  • Culture Media
  • Globins