Spinal surgery-associated rhabdomyolysis, although rare, is a life-threatening condition. Presented here is the case of a middle-aged, overweight man who underwent posterior lumbar surgery because of pain and neurogenic claudication. His postoperative course was complicated by the occurrence of rhabdomyolysis. Despite adequate treatment, acute renal failure developed as a sequela. His condition was grave enough to require the administration of intermittent hemodialysis. After a prolonged hospitalization and 5 sessions of hemodialysis, the patient achieved a full recovery. In view of the fact that rhabdomyolysis-induced acute renal failure is associated with a mortality rate of 20-50%, the outcome was favorable.