Current concepts in instrumented knee-laxity testing

Am J Sports Med. 2009 Jan;37(1):199-210. doi: 10.1177/0363546508323746. Epub 2008 Oct 21.


Background: Instrumented knee laxity testing devices have been used in both the clinical and research setting to evaluate persons with injuries about the knee. The ability to accurately and reproducibly quantify knee motion has the potential to greatly benefit both clinical practice and research by improving the validity of the research involving treatment of knee-ligament injuries.

Study design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4.

Methods: A thorough literature review was performed, and a systematic overview is provided evaluating the methods of use and the evidence for the use of instrumented knee laxity testing devices.

Results: Devices that provide measurements of knee laxity have evolved during the past 30 years. The authors describe in detail their proper use and the best estimates of their validity based on clinical studies.

Conclusion: The review suggests that the KT-1000 knee arthrometer and the Rolimeter provide best results when testing anterior laxity at the knee, whereas the Telos device is superior for the assessment of posterior laxity.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
  • Diagnostic Tests, Routine / instrumentation*
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology*
  • Sports Medicine