Effects of acute and long-term exercise on self-efficacy responses in sedentary, middle-aged males and females

Gerontologist. 1991 Aug;31(4):534-42. doi: 10.1093/geront/31.4.534.


We examined the effects of acute and long-term exercise on perceptions of personal efficacy in sedentary, middle-aged males and females. Both males and females demonstrated significant increases in efficacy following acute exercise. Females, who had demonstrated initially lower self-perceptions than males, made dramatic increases in efficacy during the exercise program, equaling or surpassing those of males. Exploratory analyses revealed significant relationships between self-efficacy and subsequent physiological responses to exercise.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health
  • Body Composition / physiology
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Characteristics


  • Cholesterol