Purpose: To investigate whether defects in human PRDM9, CDK2 and PSMC3IP are associated with azoospermia Mutational analysis was performed in Japanese patients with azoospermia caused by meiotic arrest.
Methods: Mutational screening of the coding regions of human PRDM9, CDK2 and PSMC3IP was done by direct sequencing using genomic DNA from 18 Japanese patients. Statistical analysis of the detected coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (cSNPs) in patients and normal control men was then carried out.
Results: One cSNP was detected in CDK2 and PSMC3IP. There were no significant differences in genotype distribution and allele frequencies between the patient and control groups in these two genes. However, three novel cSNPs were detected in the PRDM9. The genotype and allele frequencies of heterozygotes in SNP2 and SNP3 of PRDM9 were significantly higher in the patient group than in the control group.
Conclusion: We found a possible association between PRDM9 and azoospermia by meiotic arrest.