GAP1(IP4BP)/RASA3 Mediates Galphai-induced Inhibition of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase

J Biol Chem. 2008 Dec 19;283(51):35908-17. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M803622200. Epub 2008 Oct 24.


The dopamine D2S receptor (short isoform) couples to inhibitory Galphai/o proteins to inhibit thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)-stimulated p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK1/2) phosphorylation in GH4ZR7 rat pituitary cells, consistent with its actions to inhibit prolactin gene transcription and cell proliferation. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. To identify novel Galphai effectors, yeast two-hybrid screening of a GH4ZR7 cDNA library was done using constitutively active Galphai3-Q204L, and multiple clones of the RasGAP cDNA GAP1(IP4BP)/RASA3 were identified. In yeast mating assay, RASA3 preferentially interacted with activated forms of Galphai/o/z proteins, but not with Galphas. A direct interaction was indicated by in vitro pull-down assay, in which S-His-RASA3 preferentially bound guanosine 5'-O-(gamma-thio)triphosphate-activated Galphai3 and Galphai2 compared with guanosine 5'-O-(beta-thio)diphosphate-inactivated proteins. Similarly, in co-immunoprecipitation studies in HEK-293 cells, FLAG-tagged RASA3 preferentially interacted with activated mutants of Galphai3 and Galphai2 compared with wild type proteins. In GH4ZR7 cells, co-immunoprecipitation studies of endogenous proteins demonstrated a Galphai3-RASA3 complex that was induced upon TRH/D2S receptor co-activation. To address RASA3 function in dopamine D2S receptor-induced inhibition of ERK1/2 activity, endogenous RASA3 protein expression was suppressed (70% knockdown) in GH4ZR7 cells stably transfected with full-length antisense cDNA of RASA3. The selected antisense clones had similar levels of dopamine D2S receptor binding and D2S-induced inhibition of cAMP formation compared with parental GH4ZR7 cells. In these clones, D2S-mediated inhibition of TRH-induced phospho-ERK1/2 was reversed by 70-80% compared with parental GH4ZR7 cells. Our results provide a novel mechanism for dopamine D2S-induced inhibition of ERK1/2 and indicate that RASA3 links Galphai proteins to inhibit Gq-induced Ras/ERK1/2 activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • DNA, Antisense / genetics
  • DNA, Antisense / metabolism
  • Dopamine D2 Receptor Antagonists
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • Enzyme Activation / physiology
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go / genetics
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 / genetics
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 / metabolism*
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 / genetics
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 / metabolism*
  • Mitogens / metabolism
  • Mitogens / pharmacology
  • Protein Binding / drug effects
  • Protein Binding / physiology
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / genetics
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / genetics
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / metabolism*
  • Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone / genetics
  • Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone / metabolism


  • DNA, Antisense
  • Dopamine D2 Receptor Antagonists
  • Mitogens
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • dopamine D2L receptor
  • inositol-1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate receptor
  • Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go